Reconstructive surgeons correct functional impairments caused by burns, traumatic injuries (such as facial bone fractures and breaks), congenital abnormalities (such as cleft palates or cleft lips), developmental abnormalities, infection and disease, and cancer or tumors. Reconstructive surgery is, in its broadest sense, the use of surgery to restore the form and function of the body. Reconstructive plastic surgeons use the concept of a reconstruction ladder to manage increasingly complex wounds. This ranges from very simple techniques, such as primary closure and dressings, to more complex procedures like skin grafts, tissue expansion, and free flaps.
Cosmetic surgery reshapes normal structures of the body in order to improve the appearance and self-esteem of a patient. Health insurance does not cover cosmetic surgery.
A plastic surgeon performs reconstructive surgery on abnormal structures of the body caused by congenital defects, developmental abnormalities, trauma, infection, tumors or disease. Reconstructive surgery serves to improve function and approximate a normal appearance.
Reconstructive surgery can help repair the body. Breast reconstruction or breast reduction is for patients who have undergone a mastectomy or for patients who have abnormally large breasts that cause back problems or other health-related issues. Surgeries are available for people affected by any number of maladies, including tumors, webbed toes or fingers, or extra fingers or toes. People can also receive treatment for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.